“Medieval Nubia: A Social and Economic History is that rare thing: a truly pioneering study. Drawing on old Nubian documents from Qasr Ibrim, Professor Ruffini persuasively argues that Medieval Nubia was a Mediterranean society in Africa. It is a major contribution to the history of Medieval Africa and Islamic Egypt.” — Stanley Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles
“This book is an outstanding work of scholarship. The author takes an important but neglected body of primary sources and exhaustively analyzes them for what they can tell us about the economy and society of their times. The resulting study revolutionizes our understanding of medieval Nubia.” — T.R. Wilfong, University of Michigan.