A psychotherapy model is a collection of beliefs or unifying theory about what is needed to bring about change with a particular client in a particular treatment context (Hubble, Duncan, & Miller, 1999). Models include techniques, which are extensions of beliefs or theory, implemented to bring about change in the client (Hubble et al., 1999). Model specific factors are unique variables of a theoretical approach or model that contribute to therapeutic change (Sprenkle & Blow, 2004a). A useful model integrates components of theory, research and practice (Sexton, Ridley et al., 2004). The relationship between these terms implies that all effective therapists operate from a specific model (Hubble et al., 1999). Embedded within therapeutic models are assumptions about health and function, the model developer’s worldview, and style of personal interaction.
Carissa D’Aniello is a graduate of Fairfield’s Marriage and Family Therapy Program.